Teeth whitening by Bleaching method is a dental whitening method applied by dentist in clinical setting. Nowadays, with the developing technologies, the success rate is rising and stands out as a reliable tooth whitening method.
In this method, a protective layer is made to protect the gums. The bleaching chemical gel is applied to the exposed tooth surfaces by the dentist. The special light source is held on the teeth for a certain period of time. The result can be seen immediately after the procedure. After the necessary cleaning is done, the process is completed. The highly effective bleaching tooth bleaching method usually results in a single session, but the number of sessions may increase depending on the degree of coloration.
What and How is done the operation of teeth whitening at home?
Home teeth whitening is the process of removing the coloring of the teeth (enamel and dentin layer). There are a lot of products in the house whitening teeth, which is a method that the patient can apply on his own. When using such products, procedures should be read well and damage to teeth and gums should be avoided. The stages are as follows:
- Prepares thin rubber molds that you can put on your teeth by the size of the dentist.
- Placing the drug into the special mold prepared for the patient, attaching the mold to the teeth to be whitened for at least 6-8 hours / day (preferably asleep),
- Termination of treatment within 1 - 4 weeks.
- Since this method is not under the control of a physician, it carries risks in terms of errors in the application.
Causes of unwanted spots on teeth?
There may be many reasons for this. The most common ones are; old age, teeth staining substances (coffee, tea, cola, cigarettes, etc.) consumption, traumas, old dentures, coatings, fillers. The use of antibiotics (tetracycline) or excessive fluoride consumption during the formation of the teeth can also lead to coloration of the teeth.
This may be due to the structure of the tooth as well as the staining of the dental agents, due to the antibiotic or fluoride in the developmental age, the old age, due to a pulse to the tooth may be due.
Who can Bleaching applied to?
Almost everyone! However, there are some cases in which treatment cannot be effective. Your dentist will determine if the teeth are suitable for this procedure with a complete oral check and diagnosis. If your teeth are healthy, it is an ideal solution for whiter and natural smiles.
Is Bleaching Process Tough and Troublesome?
No! Thanks to advances in oral health technology, your teeth can be bleached safely and effectively in a very short time.
Is it safe?
Yeah! According to the research, the whitening of the teeth under the supervision of your dentist is extremely effective and safe. Teeth and gums are not damaged in any way.
How long is the application time?
In general, the first application starts whitening. However, to achieve the ideal image, the application must continue for 10 to 14 days.
Will the teeth turn to previous situation after whitening?
Teeth will always be whiter than before. However, depending on the habits and oral care of the patients, it may be necessary to have a strengthening treatment twice a year.
In summary, what is important for this treatment to be successful?
- Brand and content of the drug used
- You are under treatment of an experienced physician
- How the drug is used and the duration of treatment
- What will I have to endure during treatment?
- If you smoke, do not smoke while the rubber mold is in your mouth (apply to home bleaching). Slight cold hot sensitivity that will be eliminated by treatment.
Bleaching methods are grouped into three main groups:
- Chemical Bleaching (Teeth Whitening)
- Photothermal Bleaching (Teeth Whitening)
- Photochemical Bleaching (Teeth Whitening)
Chemical Bleaching (Teeth Whitening)
In this technique, the tooth whitening gel is applied to the teeth with the help of specially made tooth molds. However, it should be kept in mind that chemical tooth whitening technique may have some negative effect on tooth enamel. These chemicals, which can also be sold among various cosmetic products, must be used under the supervision of a dentist.
Photothermal Bleaching (Teeth Whitening)
In this method, a special gel is used. However, unlike the previous method, high energy is applied with the help of a special beam. The light source may consist of a series of LEDs or diodes-lasers. Again, this method should be done under the supervision of the dental surgeon, possibly because of possible negative effects.
Photochemical Bleaching (Teeth Whitening)
In this tooth whitening method, the bleaching gel is activated using a UV lamp (blue light) or a KTP laser (green light). The feature that distinguishes this method from others is that the light source used also has a tooth whitening effect (photo-oxidation). This application provides a deeper whitening on the teeth. When using UV-Light, the surrounding tissues (lips, gums, tongue, etc.) should be well protected against possible burn injuries. When using the KTP laser, there is no risk of burns, but the gums should be protected against leaks of the bleaching gel (gingiva block). A great advantage of whitening with the KTP laser is that; As a result of extensive scientific research, no side effects on dental enamel were observed. Fluoride application after tooth whitening process strengthens tooth enamel and prevents rotting.
What is Laser and How is it Obtained?
Lasers are monochrome, flat, dense, single-phase monochromic light producing devices. It may be colorless as it is in color. Visibility is related to wavelength. This wavelength and strength determine the area of use in medicine.
With the help of laser, electromagnetic waves are strengthened and aligned. Thus, a high energy light beam with a cutting and burning effect is obtained in the area to be treated.
The usage areas of lasers vary according to their wavelengths.
At different wavelengths, all tissues have different absorption rates. Therefore, laser selection depends on the process to be performed. For example, the KTP laser has a wavelength of 532nm. The KTP laser beam can be absorbed at a high rate from hemoglobin and oxyhemoglobin, making it very suitable for small and sensitive surgical procedures.
Working Principle of Laser:
Energy from the outside, by passing the electric current or in a chemical way, the energy reaches the atoms in the environment. Some of them absorb this energy. Excess energy makes atoms unstable. He gives himself a photon multiplier, an excited and unstable atom, releasing photon of excess energy. The photons likewise allow the propagation of other photons. With the stimulations, the photons in the environment increase. Almost all of the atoms are emitted when the photon emits. This is the laser beam. Since the laser beams are high frequency, they have sunlight characteristics. However, laser beams are single frequency.
How long does the whitened teeth remain white?
Teeth whitened by different teeth bleaching methods remain white for several years. But this period varies from person to person. Eating and drinking habits, smoking and brushing habits affect the duration of the teeth stay white.
It should be noted that bleaching may not always provide the whiteness you want. The whitening rate depends on the tone of your teeth before applying the whitening process and varies from person to person. Therefore, you should discuss your expectations with your dentist in advance.
Teeth Whitening or tooth bleaching is a field of aesthetic / cosmetic dentistry, although it is a widely applied procedure in general dentistry. Many people find a smile made with white teeth very attractive. In general, milk teeth are more whiter than adult teeth. As the person ages, the color of his teeth becomes darker over time. This darkening is caused by the change in the mineral structure of tooth enamel. The teeth may also be exposed to coloring of bacteria pigments and tobacco use.
Because white teeth are identified with youth, they are highly desired by those who want to be aesthetically pleasing. However, it should be noted that an exaggerated whiteness may not be aesthetic in most cases. The natural tone that fits to your face and mouth will always be more aesthetic.