Periodontal diseases are inflammatory diseases affecting gums and other tissues that support teeth. Periodontal diseases are responsible for 70% of tooth loss in adults. These diseases can be treated easily and successfully when diagnosed early.
Prevention or treatment of gingival diseases; Other benefits include protecting natural teeth, chewing more comfortably and ensuring better digestion.
Periodontal diseases begin with gingivitis. So gingivitis is the early period of periodontal disease. In this period, the gums were bleeding, red and volume. It may not cause too much discomfort in the early period. If left untreated, the disease may progress to periodontitis, causing irreversible damage to the gum and the alveolar bone that support the teeth.
Periodontitis is a more advanced stage of periodontal diseases. Alveolar bone damage occurs with other tissues that support the teeth. Between the tooth-gingiva "periodontal pocket" occurs. The presence of periodontal pockets facilitates the location of the infection and the progression of the disease. As the disease progresses, the teeth begin to shake, or even go to the shot.
What are the symptoms of gum disease?
There are many signs of gum disease;
- Bleeding gums during tooth brushing
- Red, swollen and sensitive gums
- Easily removable gums from the teeth
- Inflammatory discharge between teeth and gums
- Swaying or gradually distancing teeth (the gap between the teeth or the increase of the existing range)
- Changes in the relationship between upper and lower teeth during biting
- Modification of partial prosthesis
- Continuous bad bad breath
However, periodontal disease can reach advanced stages without any findings. Therefore, it is extremely important to go to the dentist regularly.
What is the cause of periodontal disease?
The most important cause of gum disease is the so-called "bacterial dental plaque", a layer of adhesive and colorless film on the teeth. With the use of daily brushing and flossing, the removal of the dental plaque is a fundamental requirement for a healthy mouth. If the plaque is not effectively removed from the teeth, it becomes an irregular and permeable structure known as a toothstone or tartar. Harmful products released by bacteria in the plate cause irritation in the gums. Due to these products, the fibers that bind the gingiva firmly to the tooth are destroyed, the gum away from the tooth, and the periodontal pocket is formed. Thus, the progression of bacteria and products to deeper tissues becomes easier. As the disease progresses the cell deepens, the bacteria deeper; it progresses to the bone, and the alveolar bone supporting the female begins destruction. If the disease is left untreated, the teeth may eventually be shaken and even shots may be required.
How to prevent periodontal disease?
The most important task in the prevention of periodontal disease falls on the person himself. To maintain a healthy condition, it is necessary to remove the bacterial dental plaque with daily oral care procedures (using tooth brushing and dental thread). It is equally important to visit the dentist regularly.
Daily oral care procedures may minimize tooth stone formation, but may not completely prevent it. A dentist's evaluation of areas that cannot be reached with toothbrushes, dental flosses or other cleaning tools is necessary for the removal of the existing dental plaque and / or tooth.
What is the treatment of periodontal disease?
Treatment in the early period of gum disease involves the removal of the inserts on the teeth (plaque and calculus) and providing a smooth root surface. This process allows the removal of bacteria and irritants that cause inflammation in the gingiva. Generally, this treatment is sufficient to adapt the gum to the tooth or to eliminate the gum by contracting the gingiva.
In the majority of cases in the early period of gum disease, daily effective oral care is sufficient for a successful treatment, followed by cleansing the teeth, removing the plaque and providing a smooth root surface. More advanced cases may require surgical treatment. The aim of this treatment is to clean the tooth stones in the deep periodontal pockets surrounding the teeth, to eliminate the contraction of the pocket and to provide a smooth root surface and to form a more easily cleanable gingiva form.
After periodontal treatment, patients should be examined regularly by dentist, plaque control and removal of new dental calculi should be removed. But we must not forget; No process for the maintenance of those obtained by periodontal treatment is more useful than the effective application of daily oral care procedures.
What is Gummy Smile? What can I do if my gums appear more than they should?
Gummy Smile; is the case where the gums appear more often than the aesthetically acceptable amount during the smile. If there is such a problem, the manner in which the gums appear and the periodontal (gum health and bone support) condition of the teeth are determined. Treatment options; the position of the gum to the extent permitted by the tissues and / or the lip is taken down a little. Both procedures are small surgical procedures that last about 30-40 minutes under local anesthesia. Apart from surgical intervention, Botox application has become a gummy smile treatment option in recent years.